Archive for June, 2008

Church-NGO platform for electoral reform

Aizawl, June 29, 2008 (PTI): After ensuring minimum wasteful expenditure in the Tlungvel and Chawngte Assembly bypolls in 2006, an organisation in Mizoram is working to replicate its achievements in the Mizoram Assembly elections due later this year.

Allegations of use of money and muscle power by political parties in elections led to the formation of the Mizo People’s Forum (MPF), an organisation floated by the churches and major NGOs, on June 21, 2006. The MPF is now led by Rev H Vanlalauva, moderator of the Mizoram Presbyterian Synod, the biggest and most powerful church in the State.

MPF leaders said joint public meetings could be organised on a common platform for all candidates which would bring down expenses and waste less time of the candidate and the people.

Also, expensive and noisy street concerts to make people attend public meetings and ostentatious feasts to attract voters could be done away with, they said.

The MPF, a leader said, investigated complaints of money being given to the people and made the findings public.

The MPF was formed by representatives of the conglomerate of churches and major NGOs like the Young Mizo Association (YMA) and others to work for political and electoral reforms.

Synod Social Front activist Bonny Lalrindika said that fanatical loyalty to a particular political party prevented the voter from selecting the best candidate in the constituency.

The first political party in Mizoram, the Mizo Union, formed a year before independence was extremely fanatical about abolition of chieftainship and the popular way of showing resentment for the chiefs was throwing stones on the roofs of their houses, he said.

“Hardcore Mizo Union activists used to say, “I will vote for the party candidate even if he or she is a frog,” Lalrindika said. However, though it seems to be a good approach, the Presbyterian Church’s Social Front is yet to make any headway on this line.

While many people hail the efforts of the MPF to reform politics and election process, many others, including intellectuals, have been sceptical about its pragmatism. “Unless there is a will to bring about a radical change in the election process without consideration to hurt the political prospect of major political parties, metamorphosis of the political and election scenario will never occur,” a journalist said.

He said, the reality was that even the powerful church, which forced the State Goverenment to impose prohibition in the State and the YMA which launched anti-drug campaigns, dared not go so far as to antagonise all political parties.

In order to effectively reform the electoral process, there was need for legislation so that criminals, including corrupt politicians would not be allowed to contest elections, university teacher Lallianchhunga said.

The constitution of the MPF was also the outcome of numerous allegations of the use of insurgent groups from across the border and money power during the State Assembly polls in 2003.

It remains to be seen, however, whether or not the coming elections in the State will be entirely free of malpractices.

Source: Assam Tribune

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Assam ranks as ‘most corrupt’ State

New Delhi, June 29, 2008: Assam has earned the dubious distinction of being the most corrupt State in the country, on the basis of corruption in 11 vital services. Corruption level was alarming in four other States, as well.

The latest India Corruption Study 2007 conducted jointly by Transparency International and Centre for Media Study and released by Vice President Hamid Ansari on Saturday is embarrassing news for Assam, where corruption level was described as ‘alarming’. The four States, which follow Assam include Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

The grouping of States on corruption reflects position of States in the context of eleven services. The eleven services included ‘basic services’ like PDS, hospital service, school education, electricity and water supply services and ‘need -based services’, like land records, registration, housing service, forest, NREGS, banking service and police service (traffic and crime)). The study does not include operational irregularities in the system and even corruption that does not involve citizens directly.

The study covered all 31 States and Union Territories and is focused on the poorest and rural areas. It included below the poverty line people (BPL) in both rural areas and urban slums.

The level of corruption in all the 11services studied in Assam and Madhya Pradesh was alarming. In Delhi and West Bengal, for example, corruption level was moderate in most services surveyed. Among smaller States of the north-east, like Nagaland and Goa, corruption level was alarming, whereas in Meghalaya and Sikkim, it was very high. In Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur the level was high, while in Tripura and Mizoram it was found to be moderate.

The total bribe amount involved in a year in BPL households availing the eleven services is estimated at Rs 8,830 crore. Based on the incidence of bribe paid by sample BPL households, an estimate is made for the total amount paid as bribe by BPL households in the country during the last one-year in the eleven services.

School education (up to class XII and government schools) among the 11 services studied stands last in the ranking meaning the level of corruption is the lowest among all. While police service stood number one. The land records and registration and house and plot, which are specially tailored for BPL households, stand at two and three respectively in the rank.

The level and extent of corruption in police service was high in all States, as if it is universal – but the ranks of other services show variations across the States. Given the nature of need-based services, which are monopolistic or involve asset creation or volume, these services ranked high on corruption as compared to basic services.

Releasing the report, the Vice president said the report brings to light the negative impact of competitive politics on targeted schemes aimed at the poor. It has reported instances of BPL, SC/ST and other vulnerable households of being told by political activists of a linkage between benefits and electoral preferences.

“This, to the extent it is true, amounts to political corruption in its damaging form since it undermines the very institutions of democracy at all levels. A national consensus at its avoidance is thus imperative,” he opined.

Source: Assam Tribune

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Manipur journalists say they will defy militants

Imphal, Jun 30: The Journalists Association in Manipur has decided to defy militants and has unanimously agreed not to succumb to pressure exerted on them by various underground groups.

Last week, media houses stopped the publication of newspapers in protest against a threat issued to them by some factions of militant groups.

The militants threatened to respond with bullets if press statements issued by them were not published by the Manipuri press.

“It’s not new in Manipur. Media people have been facing this for a long time,” said Saratchandra Sharma, a journalist.

An emergency meeting of the All Manipur Working Journalists’ Union was also held to deal with the militant threat.

Chaoba Sharma, another journalist, said: “I think it is time that the All Manipur Working Journalist’s Union and editors take a very firm stand o what to publish or not to publish. Once a decision is taken, we should stand by it, whether to publish it or not.”

Citizens in Manipur have expressed concern over the threat to media.”It is very unfortunate. The media should be given all free scope to deal with the public interest. No one, even the militants, revolutionaries or anybody, let them be king or emperor, should interfere with the media,” said N. Binoy Singh, the President of the Senior Citizens Forum>

ANI

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Education that Transforms: Education as an Essential Approach to Transformation within the Zou Community

Khai Minthang
United States

Introduction: Greetings to you all from the United States of America. Its truly an auspicious opportunity to be one of the fortunate ZSPs to witness the 50th year of our existence. Although I could not make myself available to celebrate the joyful celebration of our Sangnaupang Pawlpi, my spirit is exceedingly joyful as I write this article. To God be the glory in the highest!

As a Students’ Organization, we all have different levels of ages, classes, intelligences, talents, interests and potentialities. Some of us are in the Kindergarten Standard, whereas some are at the post-doctoral levels, yet we still are all under the dignified Zomi Sangnaupang Pawlpi. (Old version, I could not stop loving it) There is no question about it! It is the responsibility of the higher levels to train the lower levels in the way they should go, so that by the time they embark the higher levels “they will not turn from it.” (Pro. 22: 6) Quite a good number of us, the Zomi Sangnaupang Pawlpi, might be a little or not even aware of the fact that we live in an age in which smartness and inclusive approach to our fellow beings and the environment are becoming an essential part of our lives, in addition to our daily job that puts food on the table of our family. Therefore, finishing School, College or University is not the end, but just an eye opener to the world or transformation which will eventually lead us to individual, family and community transformation. It is not a can opener to the world of alcoholism which will eventually lead us to individual, family and community chaos and destruction.

Retrospection: As we retrospect our history, we have accomplished quite a good and satisfactory missions to have come to this stage of our Pawlpi, yet we still have a good number of challenges ahead as we embarked the new millennium. The glorious history of our Pawlpi is clearly visible and comprehensible with the production of the “Lel aw, Lel aw” motion album. As I contemplate on the album, I could see the selfless sacrifices and devotion of our progenitors towards our Pawlpi. To add to this testimony, my parents told me that the ZSP of their generation was quite glorious and functionally progressive. The ZSP dramas, artists, poets, magazines, functions, etc. were so awesome to have taken place during their generation. As I went deeper to that generation, I could, however, see that we have gotten to functions and celebrations then and now, rather than laying a master-plan and giving a better ZSP to the next generation. It’s time to resolute our time and energy to Better ZSP to the next generation.

I don’t have any hesitation to say that the Zomi Sangnaupang Pawlpi is the back-bone of our community; or as the proverb says, “Students of today are the pillars of tomorrow.” Thus, we are the pillars of our community’s tomorrow. So, how do we prepare ourselves to shoulder these responsibilities tomorrow? Do we prepare ourselves to give a better opportunity to our community’s tomorrow and eventually realize the dream of our community?

The Educational Impact of the Gospel: Let’s go back to a couple of decades and see what our progenitors’ educational system looked like. Their education and occupation were confined to agriculture and its allied occupations. It’s undeniable that almost everything was agro-based. Young folks were trained for the same occupation.

Rochunga Pudaite, in his book entitled “The Education of the Hmar People” has observed, “He learns to share, to play, to co-operate and to conduct himself before he is called upon to shoulder public responsibility. He cannot be selfish in such a family setup, and corporate life of the most congenial type is cultivated. From sunrise to sundown he is surrounded by educational activities and processes.”(1)
“The girls received training for one purpose, to become wife and mother. The very little girl had to learn to cook and help her mother. In her own home, she took part in all the other household tasks and learned to sew, knit, spin, weave, husk grain, prepare food, sweep and clean the house, and take care of the younger children so that, by the time she reached marriageable age, she was fully equipped with skills to handle a household of her own”(2) says T. Liankhohau, in his book entitled “Social Cultural Economic and Religious Life of a Transformed Community.”

Their only educational institutions were their homes and the Ham (Bachelors’ dormitory) where the young men of the village gather and learn the contemporary arts of war and life. Their first education begins at home. Once he passed a certain age limit, he then moves to the Ham where the older adults (Val-upa) trained them theoretically and practically. They were given all basic arts of war and how to handle issues facing their contemporary locality. It was not just a dormitory, but rather a barrack where every young folks volunteered themselves for the defense of their locality. They were soldiers or volunteers of their locality because there were unprecedented attacks and battles among different localities and people.

Transitional Era in Education: In course of time, the weave of the Gospel hit our land and impacted entirely in terms of our social, economic, political and religious practices. The Gospel bearers brought the Gospel with their culture. They might not essentially impart their culture but, we received their culture in addition to the Gospel. Eventually, the Western culture set a deep root in our land. The weave of the Gospel swept our land and saw a seed of Western socio-cultural practices. A new system of education, literature, social values, economy, politics and religion have been set up. We just began to have Primary, Secondary and Tertiary occupations with the impact of the Gospel. Pu Thawngpau has rightly put:

“Pisei pusei lungmawlte’n ana theiphah lou;
Mallam huikhi hing laang in, aban banin hing seem in.
Tu’n ei khangthate lai a, paa namtui bangin,
Ahing zelta lailung sunga.
Bang paa namtui adiei, Mallam huikhi’n ahing sem?
Bethlehem bawnginn paa namtui ahi.
Khum pa namtui luttheina di’n na sinlai dawngkot nahon le,
Na mawna puonbang sawpsieng diing.” (3)

Free translation:
“Unknown to the uncivilized progenitors;
The Northern breeze came along, and blows one after another.
Like a sweet aroma to the new generation of ours,
It has impacted the core of the heart.
What a sweet aroma, the Northern breeze has blown?
It’s the sweet aroma of the Bethlehem’s manger.
If you open the door of the core of your heart to let the sweet aroma in,
Your sins will be washed away.”

Education and Transformation: At the first glance, we may be quite puzzled by the fact that education and transformation are distinct and different substances/elements which cannot be connoted to each other. In fact, they are like the two sides of the same coin given the fact that the ultimate aim of education is to exert and transform the inherent potential of a person to make the person’s life worthy and compatible to the contemporary world. There is a misconception in our Zogam that education is just literacy which can only be earned at schools and institutions with some sort of residential phenomenon. Well, that is a part of the vast educational processes because learning begins at home and ends at the grave. We are all students of the big school – students of life.

I guess, it is undeniable to every student that we go to school to get education – to change our outlooks, earnings and lives to make a difference and make ourselves compatible to the contemporary world. We go to school and invested a lot of money, time and energy in the hope of getting transformation and in the hope of getting a good return of investment (ROI). I do not see the need to go to school and pay an enormous amount of money, time and energy if we do not want to be transformed by what we are going to study. Therefore, We ought to be transformed by what we learn at school. This is the essence of education.

Education Transforms our Outlook: Firstly, our outlooks must be transformed by our education. The “flat world” must be changed to the “round world;” “the sun revolving around the earth” must be changed to “the earth revolving around the sun along a fixed path.” We have to be transformed to acknowledge that there are lots and lots of villages, towns and cities beyond “Kangpokpi” or “Phaipi” !!! In addition to these perceptions, our education must open our eyes and minds to accept globalization – different nations, countries, cultures, religions, etc. under a common roof as Tagore puts, “Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls.”(4) This notion of division is visible and quite comprehensible in our Zogam where we can not keep ourselves from saying “Nou pawl, kou pawl.” We have to broaden our outlooks to accept our fellow beings and the environment we live in as they are.

The most profound impact that education should have in us is or personality. To be precise, we have been brought up from different families in terms of administration, discipline, eating and drinking habits, etc., but, we are under one tradition in the school. Our native or inborn traditions (instinctive or subconscious) should be humbled by the new traditions we learn at the school which should eventually transform our personality in the long run. A new outlook, new understanding, new horizon, etc. should be learned from the school. Moreover, being a transformed personality, we ought to keep ourselves opened to new ideas and cultures that are quite hard and rough at the beginning. I, too, have gone through some of the hardest path of accepting friends who are quite different in everything comparing to my friends back home. They called “Cultural shock.” But, this cultural shock eventually disappeared and I could get used to it.

Education Transforms our Earning Potential: At the first glance, this might seemed very commercial, but our education must transform our earning. To be true to our conscience, we have been sent to schools to get a good grade, to pass exams and eventually to increase our earning potential by getting a good job. Most of our parents and a lot more graduates could not see a job beyond Government jobs. Education in our land is conceived by many as a garment of social fame and social status, but seldom as an agent of transformation. Education speaks a lot, but the value and the way we acquire is often obscure. We put every tactical efforts to get a degree, a certificate or a diploma, but seldom buys them with our energy, time and right effort. The ultimate goals of education became so hard to fathom that it sometimes become a fragrance of decorating the image of a person. It became a gate pass ticket to the world of intellectual platform where the Utopian intellectuals voices out “No degree; no voice.” Therefore, one has to earn or acquire (shall I say procure?) a degree by whatever form or means it may be, to share an idea and get the audience and the members’ attention. Thus, educational degrees became so cheap, the yield so barren, and the strength so volatile or vulnerable.

This creates unemployment problem in our land. The ratio of job creation and that of job seeker is unequal and this phenomenon is going to get wider each year. Therefore, it is time we focus on the other side of the aisle and increase our earning potential by creating our own earning environment. Most of the world’s richest people did not spring from the Govt. services, but from the entrepreneurs, capitalists and investors. Neither Bill Gates nor Mukesh Ambani is a Govt. employee. I am not saying that Govt. job is bad, but it is time to focus on the other side of the aisle. Success in the field of education is measured by return of investment (ROI). A lot of money has been invested toward your education, and a lot more (with the interest) is expected of our education.

Education Transforms our Financial Management: We must manage our earnings properly and effectively. This is one of the greatest and most common pitfall of our educated and richest persons. We did get a lot of money from different sources and accumulated quite a lot of wealth, but failed to manage them properly. Therefore, we could not hold or manage our wealth for just a generation. Civilized people, nations and countries could manage their wealth for generations without loosing their capital, but rather increasing their assets and interests. A wealthy and respected person of our community a decade ago or just a couple of years ago is now begging for his daily meal. Financial management is as important as our learning and earning because it can turn our potential and legacy upside down.

Case One: Your financial management skill is more important than your earning skills. Rich people get richer because they can multiply their assets, thereby increasing their interest and wealth. They always turn their salaries into income generating assets and spend from the income or interest of their assets. This is the secret of their wealth. Their successors even became richer in the next generation because they trained them well, and thus, the wealth accumulation, management and expansion of their business or wealth has been selective and hence, effective.

Case Two: A good many people earned, but could not live with their earnings. They failed to differentiate between their needs and wants and spent their earnings on luxurious items and end up their hard-earned money without any significance. One very common practice of our Govt. service beginners and successful businessmen is that they thought they have clinched and settled there, and wanted to seek pleasure by getting themselves indulged in drinking, smoking, intoxicating, etc. thereby deteriorating their health and wealth which eventually ruins their family, wealth and takes their lives. A story was told in Zogam: There was a young man who plowed a field the whole four-month season and got a substantial amount of money from his boss. He spent all his hard-earned money in just a single day with his girl-friend because he bought everything his girlfriend wanted. Therefore, he spent all the money he earned in four month in just a single day!!! The same drama occurs quite a lot of times among us.

Case Three: Another interesting account when we come to financial management in Zogam is that some people do not want to lose money in any form or way. They accumulate wealth as much as they can, but never give away. They are interested only in themselves and turned a deft ear to the world outside. They ignored the needs and interests of others and failed to recognize that there is greater joy in giving than receiving. This type of people are greedy people who wants to kill the hen that laid golden eggs instead of being satisfied with the eggs. Greed imprisoned them and they spend their lives looking only for their benefits. (We don’t like’em. Do we?)

Education Transforms our Lives: As we said earlier, the ultimate aim of education is to exert the maximum potential of a person to make the person’s life worthy and compatible to the contemporary world, we ought to understand what the Lord Jesus Christ said. He says, “I came here not to be served, but to serve.” (Mat. 20:28) Prof. S. Pau Khan En, PhD writes, “From time immemorial, the world had seen so many educated people but only a few people did serve others and the world. Many educated people were bound by their own ego or self and they spent their education for their own good and left the world without any legacy.”(5)

The best and noblest way to touch people and the world is to dedicate ourselves in the service of others in our own capacities. A good number of educated people have lived and died without leaving any legacy. Think of a noble man or woman who touched the world and left a good legacy, you would probably think of M.K. Gandhi or Abraham Lincoln or Mother Teresa. Well, their names popped up because they have lived and served the world and humanity. Do you want to be one among them and leave a good legacy after you finish your earthly journey? The choice is yours!

Two Types of Learners: There are two types of learners when we talk about education and transformation. They are functional and nonfunctional types, and can be seen by their action. They both get the same amount of education and training – completing their course so studies. However, their fundamental differences is in the application of their studies to their lives. The first type is proactive and knows what to change, whereas the second type is retroactive and knows how to change. The first type introduces new ideas and the second type works on the newly introduced ideas. So, which type are you?

Functional Type: This types of students and graduates are open to new ideas and could make use of their learning in an affirmative and functional way. Since they are transformed by their educational processes, they can mobilize their knowledge and skills to enhance their lives and earning potential. Moreover, they acknowledged that their material and intellectual wealth are temporal and hence utilizes them to the service of humankind. They can invest their material and intellectual wealth no matter how small or insignificant it may be, for a common good.

Nonfunctional Type: This type of students and graduates include MA,BF (Matric appeared, but failed. A humorous abbreviation actually!!!), BA, MA or even Doctorates, but could not turn their education into their earning advantage – not much ROI. They could not mobilize their learning to make a living and be transformed by what they have learned. They assumed they have learned a lot and thought they knew everything, but their behavior never reflect their titles or educational degrees. They often underestimate their friends and want to impose their irrational ideologies every time and everywhere.

Vision Beyond Our Next Meal: Often times, the farthest horizon that our biological eyes could see tended to be farther than what our mind’s eye (vision) could see. Thus, we could not see anything farther then the next ZSP conferences; and even as we behold back, we could not see farther then the last conference. This is so sad.

Our vision must stretch beyond our next meal, so also our preparation. Likewise, students of today shall not only focus on our next or annual examination, but we ought to focus beyond our next or annual examination. We ought to exercise our mind’s eye to see what our biological eyes could not see and be clear with what lies ahead of us at a distance of 5 years, 10, 15, 20 years and so on. We must prepare ourselves to face those challenges that lies ahead with boldness: The clearer we see, the better we prepare; the better we prepare, the better we begin. Ultimately, well began is half done. A lot of students did not begin well and eventually ends up somewhere half-way empty. This is one of the first obstacles of a student.

Conclusion: I am confident that the Lord of Ages will be with us through ZSP Centenary celebration if we do not lose faith and abides by his commandments. We have accomplished quite a good number of missions and still have a lot of challenges ahead of us as we embarked the new millennium. Accomplishments includes our glorious past heritages, and challenges includes our missions and master-plans that we have set out and will set out from time to time. Human resource is our greatest asset and education is the greatest weapon and the key to accomplish these short-term and long-term goals. We ought to be transformed by what we have learned at schools and vocational institutions. Our outlooks and lives should be transformed by the enormous amount of money we have invested to get the education of its best kind. Let us join our hands and minds to re-building the fallen walls of our Zogam. Let us accomplish our goals with the Lord, as our Lord Jesus Christ said, “Everything is possible for him who believes.” (Mark 9:23)

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References:

(1) PUDAITE, Rochunga, The Education of the Hmar People. Sielmat, Churachandpur, Manipur: The Indo-Burma Pioneer Mission, 1963
(2) LIANKHOHAU, T., Social Cultural Economic and Religious Life of a Transformed Community. Mittal Publications, New Delhi, India: 1994
(3) Thawngpao, (Citation needed)
(4) http://www.cs.rice.edu/~ssiyer/minstrels/poems/177.html Accessed on June 29, 2008
(5) Pau Khan En, Prof. S., “The Ultimate Goal of Learning,” Gamngai BEMS Jubilee. Gamngai, 2005

Source: http://khaiminthang.blogspot.com/2008/06/education-that-transforms.html

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Spain beat Germany 1-0 to lift Euro 2008 title

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

·Spain won the Euro 2008 title after beating Germany 1-0 on Sunday.
·Striker Fernando Torres’ strike at the 33rd minute proved the winner of the match.
·Spain’s only other European title was won 44 years ago.


Spain’s players celebrate with the trophy after the Euro 2008 championships final between Germany and Spain in Vienna, Austria, on June 29, 2008. A first-half goal from Fernando Torres earned Spain the first UEFA European Championship in 44 years. (Xinhua/Guo Yong)

VIENNA, June 29 (Xinhua) — Spain won the Euro 2008 title after beating Germany 1-0 in Ernst-Happel Stadion on Sunday.

Striker Fernando Torres’ strike at the 33rd minute proved the winner of the match.

The Spanish team, without leading scorer David Villa due to injury, fielded a five-player midfield and thus took an upper handover their German opponents which adopted the same formation.

The Spanish team dominated the midfield through fluent passing and Torres was a constant threat to the German goal.

Spain’s Fernando Torres (C) scores as Germany’s goalie Jens Lehmann (L) saves during the Euro 2008 championships final between Germany and Spain in Vienna, Austria, on June 29, 2008. A first-half goal from Fernando Torres earned Spain the first UEFA European Championship in 44 years.(Xinhua/Lu Mingxiang)

Torres could have broken the deadlock at the 20th minute but his header was denied by the post.

Cesc Fabregas, who made his first start in the tournament, seemed not used to his new role and was substituted out in the second half.

German coach made three substitutions in the second half, trying to turn the tide over. But his team just could not take over the initiative from the Spanish midfield led by Andres Iniesta.

The Spanish team kept the ball on the group and penetrated the German defence with neat short passes. They could have scored more goals if not for poor finishing.

The Spanish team had 13 attempts at the goal while Germany only had 4.

German captain Michael Ballack came close for Germany, shooting narrowly wide after the break.

It is the second time Spain win the European championship. Their only other European title was won 44 years ago.

SOURCE: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-06/30/content_8460119.htm

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ZDV quits from KNO

SOURCE: The Imphal Free Press, www. kanglaonline. com

Imphal, Jun 26: The proscribed Zou Defence Volunteers, ZDV, have announced that the organisation will no more operate under the KNO.

Stating this, ZDV president Kamkhanpao, during a press conference held this morning at Zoujang village mentioned that the ZDV was established on October 11, 1997 under the initiative of the undergound PLA, UNLF and PREPAK with a sole objective to protect the Zou community which was seriously affected during the Thadou-Paite clash during 1997.

It started operations as one of the revolutionary organisations in the state apart from its objective to protect the Zou community. They were involved in a major attack on the BSF at Sajik Tampak during 2003 jointly launched by the PLA, UNLF and PREPAK.

He further said that as time went by ZDV fell in the nomenclature of Chin Kuki tribes and accepted an offer from the government of India to sign the Suspension of Operations on October 27, 2005, and under the KNO, along with KNF (Zougam), KNF(MC), HNA, ZRF and USRA established the reunification process.

The spokesman further said that while operating under the KNO during the process of Suspension of Operations with the government of India, there was increasing violence, killings and extortions committed by the various groups under the KNO which was totally against the guidelines of the SoO.

Because of these differing motives of organisations under the KNO who involved themselves in extortions, kidnappings for the ransom and factional fights, the groups recently took a decision to quit the KNO.

He also further mentioned that the ZDV was operating with like-minded organisations like the UKLF and NKF without losing its faith in the SoO, and would never encourage any form of communal or armed violence and would try to restore peaceful coexistence among all communities.

The spokesman finally mentioned that the ZDV had been trying to spread such revolutionary thinking amongst the people and there was possibility it would expand its movement beyond the settlement areas of the Zou community, upto Myanmar, when the time compels them to do so.

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The Football Tales: Brief Recall – 1

By Donn Morgan Kipgen

They all have gone. All the big guns had already been sent home, save one, by a resilient bunch of rag-tag gunslingers from Euro-2008 in fantastic display of marksmanship when it mattered most. The amazing “sudden Draws of Death” in the dying moments of footballing sands of time have covered up some forgettable dull matches. For the tame co-hosts Switzerland and Austria, its all about home away from home farther. No host nation with impressive performances in both World Cup and European Championship trophy has ever played such apathetic style of soccer at home.

Remember what “rank outsiders at home” South Korea and Japan superbly did in 2002 World Cup as co-host nations? Super-coach Guss Hiddink (Holland) took the well-inspired home team South Korea upto the Semi-Final stage as he did with Russia in this Euro-2008, whereas Japan were knocked out by the eventual champions Brazil in the pre-quarters. Hiddink had taken Holland upto the semi-final in World Cup as a coach.

Here in Euro-2008, the sensational Flying Dutchmen brought down Les Bleus (France) by ripping apart the Azzuri (Italy) sky by playing a near-Total Football, which sometimes falter to deceive in crunch time. The best Total Football Team was the Flying Dutchmen led by Johann Cruyff who were unfortunately beaten in the 1974 World Cup Final led by “Kaiser” Beckenbeaur’s West Germany (2-1), the home team.

More unfortunately, the last of Total Footballers, ie, Holland in 1970s, once again were beaten by Daniel Pasarella led host Argentina in the next 1978 World Cup Final Match, 3-1, in extra time. Ironically, the hot favourite Dutchmen were beaten by same margin, ie 3-1 by more opportunistic Russians in Euro – 2008 qtr-final in extra time. Had not the host Argentina fixed their last knock-out match outrageously with 6-1 “half-football” match against the neighbouring Peru, who were already eliminated before that fixed-match, the Flying Dutchmen would or could have won the World Cup itself !!! Host Argentina needed a near impossible task to thump the dark horse Peru with a 3 goals margin without letting in more than 2 goals to pole-vault a young Brazilian team in then qtr-final League match for the last Semi-final spot.

Like Bennito Mussolini (1938 World Cup) and Adolf Hitler (1936 Olympic), the Argentine Military Junta literally bought the 1978 World Cups Finals and then shamelessly bought out third place Peru for a 3-0 or 4-1 or 5-2 win with millions of dollars plus economic aid package. Buy-out Peru “struggled hard” to let in just 6 goals and even “struggled harder” to refrain from scoring just 1 goal in real counter attack, thereby gifting 2 extra goals and checked themselves to score just 1 goal as conspired. A beautiful game indeed!

In the 1982 World Cup, the eventual winners, Italy, booked themselves a place in the 2nd round with last minute goals, thanks to the Italian Super-sub Paolo Rossi (Higher goal scorer with 6 goals, repeated again in 1990 WC by another Italian Super-sub Salvatore Schillaci). However, it was the losing Finalist West Germany who ‘co-fixed’ their last league match with neighbouring Austria, 1-1, at the expense of the undefeated Cameroon (3 draws) with a disgusting “walking football” to ensure a safe place in the 2nd round as the top two group leaders in goal difference. In the Espana ‘82, Michel Platini led “Carre Magique” Frenchmen (the best ever French team who won European Cup two years later in 1984 with attacking centre-half Platini as the top scorer with 9 goals ) were beaten shockingly with the mother of all-comebacks by West Germany.

The hot favourite France were leading 3-1 upto the 2nd half of the extra-time, but the physically strong Germans equalised with two stunning goals in 10 minutes and beat the French in a heart breaking penalty shoot-out for the Final match with Italy who were good enough to hold their 3-1 lead to lift the WC trophy, thanks to the “Butcher of Bilbao” Claudio Gentile, G. Bareisi and Giuseppe Bergomi, the three full-backs and the versatile Bruno Conti and Marco Tardelli, the two half-backs, to form two-tier defence formation.

The hard tackling Claudio Gentile literally chopped down one young maestro called Maradona and neutralised the Brazilian centre forwards and midfielders with bone-cracking tackles. When asked as to why he was so hard on young Maradona and other great players, Gentile like a Mafia Don, shot back, “No, signor, this is not a dancing school-class.” That’s how the famous “Butcher of Bilbao”, Claudio Gentile and Co successfully dealt with the “two-man German Panzer Armee”, i.e, Peter Hans Briegel and Karl Heinz Rummanigge, with a back-to-back 3-1 World Cup Final match scoreline. In Mexico ‘86, the last of attacking WC Final match with thrilling goals at both ends, Maradona led Argentina beat “Kaiser” Beckenbeaur’s West Germany 3-2.

The only questionable part of it was that of the lively left-back Lothar Mattheus was literally forced to engage and baby-sit the danger-man Maradona by Beckenbeaur which left a huge gap in the otherwise originally solid defence put up in real Teutonic discipline formation. A wrong move in sending 8 Germans forward in the last 10 minute of the regulation time gave Maradona to put through Burruchaga to score the decisive match winning goal in the 84th minute. The rest is history.

Source: http://www.thesangaiexpress.com/Others/Articles.htm

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